To prepare PRP, a small amount of blood is taken from the patient’s arm. The blood is then placed in a centrifuge. The centrifuge spins and separates the platelets from the rest of the blood components. The entire process takes less than 15 minutes and increases the concentration of platelets and growth factors by up to 600%. Using the patient’s own blood, specifically prepared platelets are taken and re-injected into the affected area.
When PRP is injected into the damaged area it stimulates the tendon, ligament, or muscle with a high concentration of growth factors that triggers the healing cascade. As a result, new tissue begins to develop. As this tissue matures it begins to shrink, causing the tightening and strengthening of the tendons, ligaments, and muscles of the damaged area.
How does PRP work?
Depending on the severity and duration of your injury, 1 to 3 PRP injections is suggested. Following the initial treatment with PRP, a follow-up visit occurs two to three weeks later. At this visit, an evaluation of your response to the initial therapy is performed and a decision is made regarding the need for additional PRP treatments.
Are PRP Injections Safe?
Yes, PRP is FDA approved. Research and clinical data show that PRP injections are extremely safe, with minimal risk for any adverse reaction or complication. Because PRP is produced from your own blood, there is no concern for rejection or disease transmission. Not to mention, recent research suggests that PRP may have an anti-bacterial property which protects against possible infection.